Breast Lump and Cancer

Dr. Ramesh Bhardwaj D.H.M.S  •  Dr. Puja Bhadel Bhardwaj  M.D.


Breast cancer is overwhelmingly a female disease, but about 1% of cases occur in men (around 300 per year).

Amongst women it becomes more common as age increases. More than 80% of cases occur in women over 50. Taking the contraceptive pill slightly increases the risk. Taking hormone replacement therapy significantly increases your risk somewhat more, but the health benefits derived from hormone replacement are better overall. Obesity significantly increases the risk.

Having one close relative (mother or sister) with breast cancer doubles your risk of getting breast cancer.


There are two main places in the breast where cancer can occur:

  • The Lobules (the milk-producing tissue)
  • The Ducts (which carry the milk to the nipple)

Method of screening available to all women is to feel the breasts for any lumps. A guide on how to do this properly can be obtained at any doctor`s surgery. Women should also check for the other main symptoms:

  • Change in the size or shape of a breast
  • Dimpling of the breast skin
  • The nipple becoming inverted
  • Swelling or a lump in the armpit